Nerospec IoT Glossary
The Internet of Things refers to the ever-growing network of physical objects that feature an IP address for internet connectivity, and the communication that occurs between these objects and other Internet-enabled devices and systems.
IoT devices can be used to monitor and control the mechanical, electrical and electronic systems used in various types of buildings (e.g., public and private, industrial, institutions, or residential) in home automation and building automation systems.
Sigfox is a French global network operator founded in 2009 that builds wireless networks to connect low-power objects such as electricity meters and smartwatches, which need to be continuously on and emitting small amounts of data. Learn more about Sigfox here.
LoRaWAN stands for Long Range Wide Area Network. It’s a standard for wireless communication that allows IoT devices to communicate over a large distance with minimal battery usage.
LoRaWAN is a wireless communication standard. You could put it in the same category as Bluetooth, GSM, 3G, and LTE,… but it’s still different. It has the range of your mobile phone with the flexibility of Bluetooth or WiFi and the battery life of your watch for an affordable price. Learn more about LoRaWAN here.
GPS, which stands for Global Positioning System, is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 24 hours a day, in all weather conditions, anywhere in the world.
A device that detects or measures a physical property and records, indicates or otherwise responds to it.
Coined by Nerospec IoT, the phrase Device to Dashboard or D2D refers to the development process and service delivery process that Nerospec IoT follows. Nerospec IoT creates everything from the hardware, bespoke in-house as well as all of the other channels needed for a successful IoT product, saving the buyer time and making it easier for the client to use the IoT device. Learn more about D2D here.
Electronic data encryption specification, established in 2001, operates on a public/private key system. Planning for key management is important when implementing AES.
Why it’s important: To date, there are no known successful practical attacks having allowed illicit access to correctly implemented AES encrypted data. This is the standard for transport layer security in IoT devices.
A way for computers to talk to hardware or software platforms in a less complicated way.
Why it’s important: Third parties use other companies’ API platforms as a point of integration. Designing applications to leverage APIs allows for faster development and easier paths to improve over time.
A very large set of data can be analyzed for patterns and trends. Big data provides valuable (and very profitable) insights that can be used to identify service or product opportunities and customer behaviors.
Why it’s important: Analyzing big data move enterprises away from making decisions by gut instinct into data-driven strategic choices. IoT devices have the potential to generate entirely new streams of data for big data processing.
Also known as Bluetooth 4.0, this is a wireless, personal-area network with short-range and low-power consumption that allows objects to transmit data.
Why it’s important: This technology offers low-cost, safe, wireless connectivity and solves many of the earlier Bluetooth pairing and performance headaches. This is the least expensive way to add short-range wireless connectivity to devices.
Instruction code that runs on hardware microcontrollers. Usually, it is performing specific low-level functions, often without using an operating system.
Why it’s important: Specialized for the particular hardware it runs on, embedded software often has time and memory constraints that must be addressed in IoT innovation. Most IoT devices leverage embedded software which can take longer to write than more abstracted server-side code.
LPWA networks are built specifically for M2M communications and offer long-range, low-power consumption.
Why it’s important: LPWANs solve cost and battery life issues that cellular technology cannot, and solve range issues that technologies like Bluetooth or BLE struggle with.
A group of spatially distributed, independent devices that collect data by measuring physical or environmental conditions with minimal power consumption.
Why it’s important: Minimizing power consumption is key to achieving a longer lifetime for devices on wireless sensor networks.